This link takes you to the entire list of all activities and labs created by the Ice Drilling Program. (It is also shown below.) The list has links embedded and a brief description of each. Just click on the activity name. The last column tells which activities and labs are related to each other and also have embedded links.
Note: At the bottom of this list are the ANDRILL resources ELF: Environmental Literacy with a Focus on Climate Change and the Antarctic Climate Secrets books created with National Science Foundation and NOAA environmental literacy grant funding. These are posted here with permission from ANDRILL.
ALL RESOURCES AND ACTIVITIES
Listed by Topic
|Ice Core Science||Albedo||Students will measure the albedo and surface temperature of various ice mixtures and the changing properties as the ice melts over time. Students will move from understanding what albedo is, to the larger scale of its role in Earth’s energy budget.||Greenland is Melting|
|Decoding Ice Cores: Atmospheric Analysis-–How much carbon dioxide was in the atmosphere in the past?||In this lab, the relative amount of CO2 in melted “ice core samples” will be determined using a conductivity meter. Then students will graph their results and compare to the 800,000 ice core record.||Decoding Ice Cores (all labs); Ice Core Lab-Maloney; ELF-1C-Carbon Journey; ELF-4B-Life in an Acid Bath|
|Decoding Ice Cores: Isotopic Analysis–How warm was Earth in the past?||In this lab we will use 5-pennies to model water molecules sampled from each of 11 different “ice core layers” dating from the present to almost 500,000 years ago. The goal is to determine the temperature of climate in the past by comparing the average isotopic mass of the water molecules in the ice cores to the standard average isotopic mass of water from the ocean. Students will then compare their results to the 800,000 year ice core record.||Decoding Ice Cores (all labs); Ice Core Lab-Maloney|
|Decoding Ice Cores: Proxy and Direct Measurement (2 Labs)||Two-part lab
Lab: #1–direct measurements are used to compare the history recorded in an ice core to the history recorded in a tree ring.
Lab #2–proxy models will be developed from direct measurements to be used to reveal climate conditions thousands of years in the past.
|Decoding Ice Cores (all labs); Ice Core Lab-Maloney; ELF-2F–Dead Diatoms Do Tell Tales; ELF-2G-Evidence of Ice Free Seas;|
|Drill Model: Demonstrate how scientists and drillers retrieve ice cores from beneath the ice sheets||Students build this drill model and then teach others about how ice cores are retrieved from under the ice sheets in Greenland and in Antarctica.||Life Cores; Decoding Ice Cores (all labs); Drilling Back Through Time; Ice Core Lab-Maloney; ELF-2B–Build a Model Drill Site|
|Drilling Back Through Time: Polar Science and Engineering||This activity is offered as a means of introducing students to the Scientific and Engineering Practices, as outlined in the Next Generation Science Standards (NGSS).||Decoding Ice Cores: Engineering Challenge– Designing a Portable Drilling Rig|
|Engineering Challenge: Designing a Portable Drilling Rig||To be successful with the challenge, classroom teams complete each of five parts: 1) Design a portable rig; 2) Create a detailed list and instructions; 3) Pack up a parts kit; 4) Swap kits; 5) Pull the assembled rig across the table and retrieve an “ice core.”||Decoding Ice Cores (all labs);|
|1-Ice Core Lab–Maloney||This lab is an engaging hands-on activity demonstrating that CO2 is a direct measurement while hydrogen isotopes are used as a proxy for temperature measurements. Through the study of ice cores, scientists have developed a continuous record of CO2 and temperature records going back 800,000 years. Requires freezer space and several days of freezing time.||Decoding Ice Cores (all labs); ELF–1C-Carbon Journey|
|Land Ice/Sea Ice/Grounded Ice||Land Ice/Sea Ice/Grounded Ice: How does melting ice affect sea level?||ELF-3C–How does melting ice affect sea level?|
|Life Cores: How do we know what we know about the science of ice cores?||By building a personal “life core,” students are introduced to some of the techniques and vocabulary used by scientists as they study ice cores.||Decoding Ice Cores (all labs);|
|Long Haul: Ice Core Challenge||Students’ primary task in this activity is to design a container that will keep an ice core from melting over time AND to do so while spending the least amount of “money.”||Engineering Challenge– Designing a Portable Drilling Rig; Drilling Back Through Time|
|Slip Sliding Away: Exploring glacier dynamics||Students explore how glaciers move by using “glacier goo/flubber,” (a polymer made with glue and Borax solution) whose properties model the movement of glacial ice. Through an open or guided inquiry, students make a hypothesis and then test their ideas.||Subglacial Lakes; ELF-2E–When Ice Meets the Sea; ELF-3D-Build a Model Glacier|
|Subglacial Lakes: What’s happening under the ice sheets?||Students observe a subglacial lake model and measure changes in temperature, salinity and sea level rise as the glaciers/ice sheets and subglacial lakes melt.. Students will move from the small model to discussions of implications for Earth systems.||Slip Sliding Away; ELF-2E–When Ice Meets the Sea; ELF-3D-Build a Model Glacier|
|Nature OF Science– the process of science||Nature vs. Science: The Hypothesis Card Game||Students play a game of cards to learn how scientists study nature.||Understanding the nature of science underpins all of the other activities and labs|
|Ocean Circulation||Thermohaline Circulation and Abrupt Climate Change: Greenland is Melting||In this investigation, we will analyze how the density of the ocean surrounding Greenland may change as a result of increasing amounts of meltwater coming off the Greenland Ice Sheet.||Land Ice/Sea Ice; Albedo; ELF-3A-Global Ocean Conveyor Belt;
ELF-3B-Cold, Salty, Deep; ELF-5B-Full of Hot Air
|Polar Science– Exploring the Arctic and Antarctic||To the Ends of the Earth: Comparing the Arctic and Antarctic||Going to the “ends of the Earth” takes you to the Arctic and the Antarctic. This activity engages students in sorting picture cards comparing similarities and differences between the Polar Regions in a table-sized Venn Diagram.||Related to all activities based on research in the polar regions|
|Teaching Tools||Reflection Activities||Ideas for how to get students to reflect on a lesson or unit of study.||Can be used with all activities|
|Stink Test||In a time when evidence based information is questioned, it is imperative that we teach our students how to recognize whether a source is valid or not. The STINK Test gives them the tools to do just that.||Important for any activities requiring understanding research and media reports|
|Video Links||IDP-EO and ice core researchers have created many videos for use in classrooms.||Many topics|
|Careers||Careers in Science and Technology||Short bios of ice science researchers–Coming soon: videos “in their own voices” and field trips to their labs and into the field.||Related to all activities relying on polar research|
|COYT: Checking Out Your Team||The primary goal of this scientist-supported activity is to generate information and excitement about careers in the field of ice core research.||Related to all activities relying on polar research|
|ELF–Environmental Literacy with a Focus on Climate Change–resource by ANDRILL–posted with permission||Chapter 1||ENERGY
1A- Flashlights on Earth
This investigation will explore how the angle of the Earth’s surface impacts the amount of solar radiation received in a given area.
1B- Biome Sorting
This activity explores Earth’s diverse ecological biomes and how they can be affected by climate change.
1C- Carbon Journey
Take an atom of carbon on a ‘journey’ through the carbon cycle by playing the carbon journey game.
1D- Earth’s Albedo
Albedo is measured using maps, data tables and a shaker filled with popcorn kernels. Estimate the Earth’s energy budget by calculating the absorbed radiation of various Earth’s surfaces.
1E- Sea Ice Cycles
Visually explore, animate, and measure changing sea ice extent in the Arctic using a flip book and satellite images of the North Pole.
|1A–pp. 3-121B–pp. 13-30
|ELF–Environmental Literacy with a Focus on Climate Change–resource by ANDRILL–posted with permission||Chapter 2||GEOSPHERE
2A- Plates and Gates
This activity explores how plate tectonics affect ocean currents and biodiversity.
2B- Build a Model ANDRILL Drill Site
Students build a model drill rig and compare past environments represented by the sediment cores retrieved.
2C- Mix up a Model Rock Core
Learners create a model of an ocean sediment core with different sediment layers representing the presence of a grounded glacier, an ice shelf and open water.
2D- Mess Free Rock Cores
Students build models using photographs and paper towel tubes and then interpret various layers in sediment cores making inferences about climate change.
2E- When Ice Meets the Sea
Learners simulate the moving of a glacier from land to floating over the ocean creating an ice shelf and pressure ridge
2F- Dead Diatoms Do Tell Tales
Learners tell the story of climate change using the proxy of ice shelf advance and retreat by collecting data from simulated ocean bottom sediment cores.
2G– Evidence of Ice Free Seas
Learners create a sediment core model, collect date in the form of cool and warm water diatoms and then make inferences about changes in the ocean’s environment over geologic time.
|Decoding Ice Cores: Direct and Proxy Measures; Drill Model; Slip Sliding Away; Subglacial Lakes; Nature vs Science; Reflection Activities; Careers in Science;
|ELF–Environmental Literacy with a Focus on Climate Change--resource by ANDRILL–posted with permission||Chapter 3||HYDROSPHERE
3A- Global Ocean Conveyor Belt
3B- Cold Salty and Deep
This activity models the origin of density currents in the Antarctic region.
3C-How Does Melting Ice Affect Sea Level?
Compare how melting ice affects sea level by creating two models that are identical except for one factor: one will have ice on “land” and the other will have ice in the “sea.”
3D-Build a Model Glacier
In this activity, students build a model of a glacier to demonstrate how glaciers and ice sheets form, fill in valleys and change landscapes.
|Greenland is Melting;|
|ELF–Environmental Literacy with a Focus on Climate Change--resource by ANDRILL–posted with permission||Chapter 4||BIOSPHERE
4A- Phenology: Step Together Step
This activity creates a life cycle graph and demonstrates how climate changes can affect the life cycle patterns of dependent species.
4B- Life in an Acid Bath
The effects of lowering the pH of the ocean on shelled organisms is demonstrated using a model of ocean acidification.
4C- Biodiverisity/ Habitat Loss
Explore the diversity of mountain biome habitats and how climate change will affect the plants and animals
that live there.
|Decoding Ice Cores: Atmospheric Analysis; Nature vs Science; Reflection Activities; Careers in Science;
|ELF–Environmental Literacy with a Focus on Climate Change--resource by ANDRILL–posted with permission||Chapter 5||ATMOSPHERE
5A- Stacking up the Atmosphere
The goal of the activity is to create a model of the layers of the atmosphere based on their characteristics.
5B- Full of Hot Air
The physics of air and water movement around our planet is demonstrated. Hot air/water rises; cold air/water sinks.
|Greenland is Melting;
|Antarctica’s Climate Secrets–Resource by ANDRILL–shared here with permission||Unit 1||Antarctica Today (pp 1-69)
1A-Postcards from Antarctica
1B-Antarctica in Maps
Antarctica Today Banner
|Antarctica is a remote and mysterious place. It was not discovered until 1820, and people are still learning about it. Compared with Earth’s
other continents, Antarctica is unusual.
The activities in this Unit introduce students to Antarctica, a place that only a few thousand people visit in any year.
|Unit 2||Antarctica’s Ice on the Move (pp70-82)
2A-Build a Model Glacier
2B-When Ice Meets the Sea
Antarctica’s Ice on the Move Banner
|There’s no doubt about it — Antarctica is an icy place. About 70% of Earth’s fresh water is trapped as solid ice on this large southern continent. The ice there has been accumulating for over 30 million years, piling up one
snowstorm at a time.
In this unit, students are introduced to ice through hands-on explorations.
|Unit 3||Reading Antarctica’s Rock Cores (pp. 83-130)
3A-Building a Model ANDRILL Site
3B-Photo Sore: Core Flow
3C-Mix up a Model Rock Core
3D-Mess-free Model Rock Cores
Reading Antarctica’s Rock Cores Banner
|Oceans, rivers, swamps, and glaciers all produce different types of sediments.
Sediments are rock grains and other debris that settle in low spots under water or on the ground. Over thousands of years, sediments can turn into rock, and
the rocks preserve clues about the environment that produced them.
Students learn in this unit that some of the clues in sedimentary rocks are easy to read, while others take more practice. Through a series of hands-on activities, students learn how scientists study rocks.
|Unit 4||Tiny Clues to Antarctica’s Past (pp, 131-152)
4A-Dead Diatoms Do Tell Tales!
4B-Evidence of Ice-Free Seas
Tiny Clues to Antarctica’s Past Banner
|Diatoms are one of the most abundant organisms in the world: these single-celled algae live wherever they have access to both moisture and sunlight.
Individual diatoms are too small to be seen except under powerful microscopes.
However, the number of diatoms in one area of the ocean sometimes gets so large that cameras on Earth-orbiting satellites can see them. Diatoms are one group of a larger set of organisms called phytoplankton.
Diatoms are extremely important for wildlife in Antarctica because they form the base of the food chain. Small shrimp-like animals called krill eat diatoms, and
just about everything else in the Southern Ocean eats krill!
In this unit, students learn how clues from diatoms give us evidence of climate and what the environment was like when they were deposited.
|Unit 5||Decoding Antarctica’s Climate History (pp. 153-182)
5A-Charting Temperature Changes
5B-What if the Ice Shelves Melted?
5C-How Does Melting Ice Affect Sea Level?
Decoding Antarctica’s Climate History Banner
|In this final unit, students build an interactive graph and decode rock cores to show how temperature has changed over time. They also make a model to explore how Antarctica might look in the future. Finally, they will compare the potential for
rising sea level in two models they build.